About Therapy

Orthopedics (alternatively, orthopaedics) is a medical specialty focused on the diagnosis and treatment of conditions, disorders, and injuries of the muscles, bones, joints, tendons, ligaments, and nerves.

A ligament is an elastic band of tissue that connects bone to bone and provides stability to the joint.

Orthopedic doctors are surgeons by training. They are medical doctors or doctors of osteopathy trained in the surgical and non-surgical treatment of the musculoskeletal system.

Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints. A joint is an area of the body where two bones meet. Cartilage is the connective tissue in our joints. Cartilage protects the joints by absorbing the pressure and shock when we move. Arthritis can occur when cartilage erodes causing stiff, weak and painful joints. Although there are over 100 different types of arthritis, the two most common types are osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Causes of arthritis vary depending on the type. Causes can include injury, metabolic abnormalities, hereditary factors, infections and autoimmune disorders. OA is caused by normal wear and tear of the joints. RA is an autoimmune disorder and occurs when your body’s immune system attacks the tissues of the body.

Another very common orthopaedic complaint is shoulder pain. Often the source of that pain is a torn rotator cuff. The two main causes of rotator cuff tears are injury and degeneration. You can further damage your rotator cuff with continued use after a tear. If you are experiencing chronic shoulder or arm pain, it’s best to visit your orthopaedic specialist. For the majority of patients, an orthopaedic doctor will provide non-surgical treatment, such as physical therapy or steroid injections, to ease pain and improve function in your shoulder.

Knee pain is another common orthopaedic issue that affects people of all ages. Knee pain is generally the result of either injury or inflammation. The knee is one of the joints most prone to injury, which may result in acute pain. Arthritis and other inflammatory diseases can cause chronic knee pain. Your orthopaedic specialist may recommend knee braces or physical therapy, which can often relieve the symptoms. Some cases may require more aggressive treatment such as injections or surgery to correct a mechanical breakdown of the knee.

The constant use of the lower extremities makes them an easy target for injury and overuse, specifically in the knees. Walking, sitting, and standing all put pressure on our knees and most athletic activities rely on a healthy knees. We have best knee doctor for TKR total knee replacement). may be required when non-surgical treatment programs have failed, when there is an associated fracture, or when there is a complete tear.